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every的用法

[日期:2005-02-25] 来源:ChaseDream论坛 作者:yuandong [字体: ]

--  作者:yuandong
--  发布时间:2003-12-24 23:21:00

--  every的用法
有谁知道every thirty two students做主语的话, 谓语动词是用单数还是复数呢?
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--  作者:ca3ltoys
--  发布时间:2003-12-25 3:15:00

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should be plural.
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--  作者:cissy
--  发布时间:2003-12-25 16:16:00

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up一下, 这是做og 89时,我也联想到的一个问题,没想到yuandong 就已经问了。有哪位大虾呢总结一下主谓一致中every不同的位置对谓语单复数的影响吗?
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--  作者:dreadpower
--  发布时间:2003-12-26 12:53:00

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能帖个具体的句子吗??
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--  作者:Snazzy
--  发布时间:2003-12-26 14:04:00

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every 32 students should be followed by plural

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--  作者:cissy
--  发布时间:2003-12-26 17:51:00

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89. A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.
A. there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
B. there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
C. there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
D. every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
E. every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

Choices A, B, and C appropriately use the construction "one X for every thirty-two Ys" to describe the ratio of computers to pupils, but only C, the best answer, is error-free. In A, are does not agree with the subject, one microcomputer; furthermore, in A, B, and D, than is used where as is required. Choices D and E reorder and garble the "one X ..." construction, making four times as many refer illogically to pupils.
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--  作者:cissy
--  发布时间:2003-12-26 18:08:00

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比较
D. every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer
E. every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer
那么应用have 而不是has 了?
lzm语法总结说:当another,each one ,no one ,neither,the other,each(each of),either ,everything(-one,-body),anything ,something 作主语时,谓语用单数。我当时就将every划为这一类了。

而这里every 当作“每....”讲,主语的中心词还是thirty-two pupils ,所以谓语动词要用复数。
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--  作者:yuandong
--  发布时间:2003-12-26 20:54:00

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i think cissy mm is right
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--  作者:dreadpower
--  发布时间:2003-12-27 0:27:00

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好解释!!!!又学会了一个用法!!!


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--  作者:Snazzy
--  发布时间:2003-12-27 14:24:00

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nice
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--  作者:欧阳可情
--  发布时间:2003-12-27 16:37:00

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UP
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--  作者:qsrlw
--  发布时间:2004-12-9 5:56:00

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four times as many as there were

I think this is the test point by ETS,not every......   in this question.  So when you look at "four times as many than" in Q, as..... than. should be replaced in choinces.   Anyway, what Cissy concluded is really helpful. Thank you

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--  作者:p200002
--  发布时间:2004-12-9 6:04:00

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ETS解释得已经非常清楚了,ONE OF EVERY THIRTY-TWO Ys指的是一种比率,当然答案在ABC中选,ONE当然是单数嘍.

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--  作者:joe11
--  发布时间:2005-2-25 12:37:00

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再讨论 every 用法  [Longman]

[always followed by a singular countable noun]
1
used to refer to all the people or things in a particular group or all the parts of something
We looked carefully at every car that drove past.

Every child will receive a certificate at the end of the course.

I enjoyed every minute of the film.I listened carefully to every word he said.

every single (=used to emphasize that you mean \'all\')

He seems to know every single person in the school.

every last drop/bit/scrap etc (=all of something, including even the smallest amount of it)

They made us pick up every last scrap of paper.

如果Longman 字典是对的,那么 every animal species 是不是有问题呢?

另有 every 32 pupils (OG89).

请教呀。

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--  作者:greatvampire
--  发布时间:2005-2-25 13:34:00

-- 
up
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--  作者:joe11
--  发布时间:2005-2-25 21:39:00

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American Heritage Book of English Usage     http://www.bartleby.com/64/C001/027.html

§ 27. every
<!-- END CHAPTERTITLE --> <!-- BEGIN CHAPTER --> Every is representative of a large class of English words and expressions that are singular in form but felt to be plural in sense. The class includes, for example, noun phrases introduced by every, any, and certain uses of some. These expressions invariably take a singular verb; we say Every car has (not have) been tested. Anyone is (not are) liable to fall ill. But when a sentence contains a pronoun that refers to a previous noun phrase introduced by every, grammar and sense pull in different directions. The grammar of these expressions requires a singular pronoun, as in Every car must have its brakes tested, but the meaning often leads people to use the plural pronoun, as in Every car must have their brakes tested. The use of plural pronouns in such cases is common in speech, but it is still widely regarded as incorrect in writing.    1
  The effort to adhere to the grammatical rule causes complications, however. The first is grammatical. When a pronoun refers to a phrase containing every or any that falls within a different independent clause, the pronoun cannot be singular. Thus it is simply not English to say Every man left; he took his raincoat with him. Nor can you say No one could be seen, could he? If you are unwilling to use plural forms in these examples, you must find another way of expressing your meaning, either by rephrasing the sentence so as to get the pronoun into the same clause (as in Every man left, taking his raincoat with him) or by substituting another word for every or any (as in All the men left; they took their raincoats with them).    2
  The second complication is political. When a phrase introduced by every or any refers to a group containing both men and women, what pronoun should you use? Consider the example Every person in this office must keep track of his (her? his or her? their?) own expenses. This matter is discussed at he under Gender.


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--  作者:colacat
--  发布时间:2005-2-25 22:08:00

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再问 choice C there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were

为什么是were,而不是was

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原文引自:
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